Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)
The English turned Jeanne d’Arc over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon for trial on politically-motivated charges of heresy today (1431). Also, Leo X issued the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem, excommunicating Martin Luther (1521), Benning Wentworth issued the first of the New Hampshire Grants that would create Vermont, on the same day Denmark’s oldest continually operating newspaper, Berlingske premiered (1749), Joseph Jenkins Roberts was sworn in as the first President of Liberia (1848), construction began on the Brooklyn Bridge (1870), 450 people died as a magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck Almaty in what is now Kazakhstan (1911), Benito Mussolini assumed dictatorial power in Italy (1925), Minnie D. Craig was elected Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold such a position in the U.S. (1933), President Franklin Roosevelt established the March of Dimes (1938), proceedings of Congress were televised for the first time (1946), the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the Philippines’ central bank, was founded (1949), Frances P. and Oliver Bolton of Ohio became the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. House (1953), the Hamilton Watch Company introduced the first electric wristwatch (1957), Alaska became our 49th state (1959), the U.S. severed diplomatic relations with Cuba, on the same day 3 workers died in a meltdown and explosion at the Army’s experimental SL-1 reactor in Idaho Falls (1961), John XXIII excommunicated Fidel Castro (1962), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights took effect (1976), Apple Computers was incorporated (1977), former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega surrendered to U.S. forces (1990), Presidents George H.W. Bush and Boris Yeltsin signed the second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (1993), the Motorola StarTRAC, the first flip cell phone, went on sale (1996), China announced a $27.7 billion program to fight erosion and pollution in along Yangtze and Yellow Rivers (1997), the Mars Polar Explorer was launched (1999), the last original weekday Peanuts comic strip was published (2000), 148 people died when Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashed into the Red Sea, the deadliest aviation accident in Egyptian history (2004), Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin’s Genesis block (2009), at least 150 and perhaps as many as 2000 people were killed when Boko Haram terrorists razed the town of Baga, Nigeria (2015), and cybersecurity experts reported the ‘Meltdown’ and ‘Spectre’ vulnerabilities in almost every microprocessor worldwide (2018). And Nancy Pelosi was again elected Speaker as House Democrats recovered a majority after the 2018 midterm elections (2019).
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Good morning! ::hugggggs::