Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

King Ferdinand II of Aragorn and his daughter Queen Joanna “The Mad” of Castille promulgated the Laws of Burgos, governing Spanish treatment of indigenous Americans, today (1512). Also, 30 English citizens of Dutch New Amsterdam, now New York, signed the Flushing Remonstrance to protest the persecution of Quakers (1657), the Methuen Treaty gave Portuguese wines import preferences in England (1703), Charles Darwin left England aboard the HMS Beagle on the journey that would spark his theory of evolution by natural selection (1831), Crawford Long used ether anesthetic for the first time to assist childbirth, on the same day New York Daily News columnist John O’Sullivan claimed the U.S. had should annex the Oregon Country “by right of manifest destiny” (1845), “Jana Gana Mana,” now India’s national anthem, was sung for the first time (1911), Japan commissioned the first purpose-built aircraft carrier, the Hōshō (1922), the premiere of Show Boat marked the dawn of the Broadway musical (1927), Radio City Music Hall opened (1932), 30,000 people died as a magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck Erzincan, Turkey (1939), 29 nations signed the agreement creating the International Monetary Fund and World Bank (1945), the Netherlands recognized Indonesia’s independence (1949), Linda Lee and NCrissieB were born (cough), Mexico’s Cave of the Swallows was discovered (1966), Spain became a democracy (1978), the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan (1979), 18 people were killed in terrorist attacks at Rome and Vienna airports (1985), the Romanian Revolution concluded (1989), the U.S. granted China permanent normal trade relations (2001), radiation from the magnetar SGR 1806-20, the brightest extra-solar event ever documented, reached Earth (2004), and former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated, on the same day riots erupted in Mombasa, Kenya over the disputed election of President Mwai Kibaki (2007). And Iranian police fired on demonstrators on the Day of Ashura in Tehran (2009).

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Yesterday on Campus

Campus QuestionWill the God-King stick to his wall-or-shutdown line once Democrats retake the House next week?

Today on Campus

Ask Ms. CrissieAnother Year Wiser?
Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Photo Credit: Geert Weggen (Mercury Press)

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::