Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

The University of Leipzig opened today (1409). Also, St. Paul’s Cathedral in London was consecrated (1697), a fire destroyed the second Eddystone Lighthouse (1755), Newport, Rhode Island’s Touro Synagogue was dedicated, the first in what is now the U.S. (1763), Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself Emperor of the French (1804), in their State of the Union Addresses, President James Monroe announced his doctrine of U.S. neutrality in Europe and European non-intervention in the Americas (1823) and President James Polk declared a need for U.S. expansion to the Pacific (1845), Franz Josef I became Emperor of Austria (1848), French President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte ended the Second Republic (1851) and became Emperor Napoleon III (1852), Charles Dickens gave his first public reading in the U.S. at Boston’s Tremont Temple (1867), two-year-old Puyi became Emperor of China (1908), the Ford Motor Company introduced the Model-A (1917), in his State of the Union Address, President Herbert Hoover proposed a $150 million public works project (1930), New York City’s La Guardia Airport opened (1939), Enrico Fermi and his team triggered the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction (1942), news of the Partition Plan for Palestine approved by the U.N. General Assembly on November 29th sparked rioting in Jerusalem (1947), by a 65-22 vote, the U.S. Senate censured Sen. Joe McCarthy for “conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute,” on the same day the U.S. and Taiwan signed the Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty (1954), Fidel Castro reached Cuba with Che Guevara and 80 supporters to begin the Cuban Revolution (1956) and declared that he was a Marxist-Leninist and Cuba would adopt a communist government (1961), the Environmental Protection Agency opened (1970), the separate emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, and Umm Al Quwain became the United Arab Emirates (1971), Cuba’s new constitution took effect, displacing 17-year President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado and installing President Fidel Castro (1976), 3 U.S. nuns and a U.S. lay minister were tortured and murdered by a Salvadoran military death squad (1980), Barney Clark received the first permanent artificial human heart (1982), Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, the first female head of government in an Islamic-dominated state (1988), Colombian military police killed drug lord Pablo Escobar in Medellín, on the same day NASA launched the Space Shuttle Endeavor on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope (1993), 7 passengers were killed when two trains collided near Sydney, Australia, on the same day the Northern Ireland Executive assumed political authority under the Northern Ireland Act (1999), Enron filed for bankruptcy (2001), and 14 people were killed when two gunmen opened fire at a county employee Christmas party in San Bernardino, California (2015). And 36 people died in a fire at an Oakland warehouse that was illegally being used as an artists’ collective (2016).

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Yesterday on Campus

Campus QuestionWeird News: Are you ready for the holiday weirdness?

Today on Campus

Ask Ms. Crissie at 8am ET – Hanukkah Solidarity?
Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Photo Credit: Geert Weggen (Mercury Press)

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::