Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Ferdinand Magellan discovered the strait that bears his name and João Álvares Fagundes discovered the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, today (1520). Also, Tokugawa Ieyasu defeated rival clan leaders at Sekigahara, beginning Japan’s Tokugawa Shogunate (1600), colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts raised the “Liberty and Union” flag for the first time (1774), the USS Constitution was launched in Boston Harbor (1797), the Penang Free School was founded in George Town, Malaysia (1816), Joseph Aspdin patented Portland cement (1824), Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War (1854), opening ceremonies were held for the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, but the fair did not actually open until the following May due to construction delays (1892), the five-month United Mine Workers’ strike ended (1902), Warren Harding gave the first anti-lynching speech delivered by a sitting president, on the The Sheik premiered with Rudolph Valentino (1921), Ernest Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls was published (1940), Subhas Chandra Bose declared the Provisional Government of Free India (1943), the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in New York City, on the same day President Dwight Eisenhower signed an executive order transferring Werner von Braun and other German scientists from the U.S. Army to NASA (1959), the Comet Ikeya–Seki passed within 280,000 miles of the Sun (1965), 144 people, mostly schoolchildren, died when a slag heap collapsed on the Welsh village of Aberfan (1966), 100,000 anti-war protesters rallied at the Lincoln Memorial and marched on the Pentagon (1967), 22 people died when a leaking gas main exploded beneath a shopping center near Glasgow, Scotland (1971), kidnappers in Rome cut off the ear of John Paul Getty III, on the same day the Los Angeles Rams’ Fred Dryer became the only player in NFL history to force two safeties in a single game (1973), Australian pilot Frederick Valentich vanished over the Bass Strait after reporting contact with an unidentified flying object (1978), the seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures defined the meter as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second (1983), at least 60 ethnic Tamil patients and staff were killed with the Indian Army stormed the Jaffna Teaching Hospital in Jaffna, Sri Lanka (1987), 32 people died when Seoul’s Seongsu Bridge collapsed (1994), the first images were taken of what would later be discovered as the dwarf planet Eris (2003), and 4 people were killed when a gunman opened fire at a spa in Brookfield, Wisconsin (2012). And record-breaking smog closed schools, highways, and the airport in Harbin, China (2013).


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Good morning! ::hugggggs::