Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

With Harald killed at the Battle of Hastings, Edgar the Ætheling was elected but never crowned King of England today (1066). Also, Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain implemented the Gregorian Calendar (1582), Edward Gibbon watched a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, inspiring him to begin The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1764), Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier went aloft the Montgolfier brothers’ first hot-air balloon (1783), the staged trial of deposed and widowed Queen Marie Antoinette began in Paris (1793), Napoleon Bonaparte began his exile on Saint Helena (1815), the Edison Electric Light Company began operation (1878), London police received Jack the Ripper’s “From Hell” letter (1888), Alfred Dreyfus was arrested for spying (1894), Mata Hari was executed for espionage (1917), the airship Graf Zeppelin landed at Lakehurst, New Jersey to complete her first transatlantic flight (1928), Tata Airlines, now Air India, made its first flight (1932), the New York Municipal Airport, now La Guardia, was dedicated (1939), Catalonian President Lluís Companys was executed by the Spanish government of Francisco Franco (1940), former Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval was executed for treason (1945), Luis Miramontes completed his synthesis of norethisterone, the key ingredient in oral contraceptives, on the same day I Love Lucy premiered on CBS (1951), four days after devastating Haiti, Category 4 Hurricane Hazel made landfall on the border of North and South Carolina (1954), the Fortran language was distributed to computer programmers (1956), the Catholic Worker Movement staged an anti-war rally in Manhattan including the public burning of a draft card (1965), Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party (1966), over two million people demonstrated across the U.S. in the Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam (1969), 35 construction workers died when a section of Melbourne’s new West Gate Bridge collapsed (1970), Iranians celebrated the designated 2500th anniversary of the First Persian Empire under Cyrus the Great (1971), supporters of the Malta Labour Party sacked The Times of Malta Building and several Nationalist Party clubs, an event remembered as Black Monday (1979), 22 people died as the Great Storm struck England and France with hurricane force winds (1987), Wayne Gretzky became the National Hockey League’s all-time leading scorer (1989), Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (1990), Andy Green drove the ThrustSSC rocket car past the speed of sound, 50 years and one day after Chuck Yeager first broke the sound barrier in level flight, on the same day NASA launched the Cassini probe toward Saturn (1997), NASA’s Galileo probe passed within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io (2001), 11 people died as the Staten Island Ferry Andrew J. Barberi struck a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal, on the same day China launched her first manned space mission, Shenzhou 5 (2003), 100 people were arrested when a riot erupted at a Neo-Nazi rally in Toledo, Ohio (2005), and protests broke out around the world in the wake of the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street movements (2011). And 215 people died when a magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck the Philippines (2013).

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::