Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

The Council of Chalcedon began today (451). Also, Ivan III of Russia forced back Akhmat Khan’s Tataro-Mongol Horde in the Great Standing on the Ugra River (1480), San Marino adopted its written constitution (1600), Jeanne Mance opened the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, the first lay hospital in North America (1645), Bavaria left the Confederation of the Rhine and joined forces with Austria against Napoleon Bonaparte in the Treaty of Ried (1813), the Peruvian Navy was established (1821), the Arrow Incident on China’s Pearl River set off the Second Opium War (1854), the first telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opened (1860), high winds around Lake Michigan drove several blazes, including the Great Chicago Fire and the deadlier Peshtigo, Wisconsin Fire (1871), Japanese agents assassinated and Queen Min of Joseon, the last Empress of Korea (1895), Edmonton, Alberta and Prince Albert, Saskatchewan were incorporated (1904), Pittsburgh’s KDKA offered the first live broadcast of a football game (1921), Joseph Szigeti gave the first performance of Alfredo Casella’s Violin Concerto (1928), the Indian Air Force was established (1932), 112 people died when three trains collided in the Harrow and Wealdstone Rail Crash (1952), the New York Yankees’ Don Larsen pitched the only perfect game in World Series history (1956), Der Spiegel published the article “Bedingt abwehrbereit,” exposing the unpreparedness of Germany’s army and prompting charges of treason (1962), Che Guevara was captured in Bolivia (1967), a Weather Underground rally began Chicago’s Days of Rage (1969), the Franklin National Bank collapsed due to fraud and mismanagement (1974), Ken Warby set the current world water speed record of 317.60mph at Blowering Dam, Australia (1978), Poland banned Solidarity and all trade unions, on the same day Cats opened on Broadway (1982), Croatians voted for independence and severed constitutional ties to Yugoslavia (1991), and 118 people died when a taxiing private Cessna collided with a Scandinavian Airlines jet during takeoff in heavy fog at Milan’s Linate Airport, on the same day President George W. Bush announced the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security (2001). And over 100,000 people died when a magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck Pakistan’s Kashmir region bordering India and Afghanistan (2005).


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Good morning! ::hugggggs::