Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Construction began on Pisa’s cathedral campanile, now the famous Leaning Tower, today (1173). Also, John XXII established India’s first Catholic diocese by naming Jordanus as the Bishop of Quillon (1329), the first Mass was celebrated in the Sistine Chapel (1483), the Webster-Ashburton Treaty fixed the U.S.-Canadian border east of the Rocky Mountains (1842), Henry David Thoreau published Walden (1854), Thomas Edison patented his two-way telegraph (1892), Betty Boop debuted in Dizzy Dishes (1930), Jesse Owens anchored the U.S. 4x100m relay to win his fourth gold medal, setting a track and field record for a single Olympics that would not be equaled for 44 years (1936), Smokey Bear debuted for the U.S. Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council (1944), 40,000 people died immediately and another 40,000 died later from radiation poisoning after the U.S. dropped a nuclear bomb on Nagasaki (1945), Malaysia expelled Singapore, making her the only country to gain independence unwillingly (1965), Sharon Tate, Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, Jay Sebring, and Steven Parent were murdered by followers of Charles Manson (1969), Vice President Gerald Ford became President upon the resignation of Richard Nixon (1974), Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party lost power for the first time in 38 years (1993), Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired his entire cabinet for the fourth time (1999), and British police arrested 21 suspects in a plot to detonate bombs aboard airliners over the Atlantic (2006). And Michael Brown was shot and killed by a Ferguson, Missouri police officer, sparking the Black Lives Matter movement (2014).

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Yesterday on Campus

YouTube Treasures – Lake Toba with Peter Attia: What If We’re Wrong about Diabetes?
Campus QuestionWill November herald an end to The Great GOP Grift?

Today on Campus

YouTube Treasures at 2pm – Lake Toba with To Be Announced
Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Photo Credit: RavenWhimsy (Tumblr)

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::