Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Innocent IV issued the papal bull Ad extirpanda authorizing the torture of heretics in the Inquisition today (1252). Also, a handpicked jury tried and convicted Anne Boleyn and sentenced her to death (1536), Bartholomew Gosnold spotted Cape Cod (1602), Johannes Kepler confirmed his third law of planetary motion (1618), the Treaty of Westphalia was signed (1648), London lawyer James Puckle patented the first machine gun (1718), Spaniards founded Laredo, Texas (1755), Diego Marín Aguilera flew 400 yards aboard the first successful glider (1793), Paraguay declared independence (1811), the Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason, now Philadelphia’s Friends Hospital, opened as the nation’s first private mental health hospital (1817), Francis Baily observed “Baily’s Beads” during an annular eclipse (1836), the current Royal Opera House opened in Covent Garden (1858), President Abraham Lincoln signed the the creating the United States Bureau of Agriculture, now the Department of Agriculture (1862), Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton formed the National Woman Suffrage Association (1869), Leo XIII defended workers’ rights and property rights in the encyclical Rerum Novarum, the dawn of modern Catholic social doctrine (1891), Las Vegas was founded (1905), the U.S. Supreme Court declared that Standard Oil was an “unreasonable” monopoly under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1911), Mickey Mouse premiered in Plane Crazy (1928), 129 people including founding Dr. John Phillips died in a fire at the Cleveland Clinic (1929), Japanese Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi was killed in an attempted coup d’état (1932), the Moscow Metro opened (1935), Richard and Maurice McDonald opened their first restaurant in San Bernardino, California (1940), Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia invaded newly-independent Israel (1948), Cub Scout master Don Murphy organized the first pinewood derby (1953), the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 3 (1958) and Sputnik 4 (1960), L. Gordon Cooper launched aboard Mercury-Atlas 9 and would become the first American to spend more than a day in space (1963), Governor Ronald Reagan ordered a park at the University of California-Berkeley to be fenced off from antiwar protesters (1969), President Richard Nixon appointed Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth Hoisington as the U.S. Army’s first female generals on the same day three Jackson State University students were killed by police during a protest (1970), Okinawa reverted to Japanese control (1972), Palestinian terrorists seized the Netiv Meir Elementary School in Ma’alot, Israel, ultimately killing 25 hostages including 22 children (1974), the Red Army began to withdraw from Afghanistan (1988), Édith Cresson became France’s first female prime minister (1991), the U.S. government formally acknowledged the Vietnam-era “Secret War” in Laos and and dedicated the Laos Memorial (1997), the California Supreme Court held that marriage equality was required under the state constitution (2008), and 16-year-old Jessica Watson became the youngest person to sail around the world solo, non-stop, and unassisted (2010). And 42 people were killed in bombings and other attacks across Iraq, triggering a week of sectarian violence that would leave 449 dead (2013).


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Good morning! ::hugggggs::