Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)
Diocletian and Maximian retired, making them the first Roman emperors to voluntarily step down, today (305). Also, Constantinople’s Nea Ekklesia was dedicated and set the cross-in-square model for later Orthodox churches (880), England recognized Scottish independence in the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton (1328), and the two kingdoms became Great Britain in the Acts of Union (1707), Linnaeus published his Species Plantarum (1753), Josiah Wedgwood founded his pottery company (1759), Adam Weishaupt founded the Bavarian Illuminati (1776), Britain issued the Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp (1840), the Hong Kong Police Force was established as Asia’s first and the world’s second modern police force (1844), Victoria opened the Great Exhibition in London (1851), the Philippine province of Isabella was established to honor the Spanish queen (1856), Paris’ Folies Bergère opened (1869), Moses Fleetwood Walker became the first black man to play professional baseball, on the same day the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions declared their demand for an eight-hour workday (1884), as did the Chicago Knights of Labor in the first modern May Day parade (1886), the World’s Columbian Exposition opened in Chicago (1893), at least 200 miners died in an explosion in Scofield, Utah (1900), the Pan-American Exposition opened in Buffalo, New York (1901), the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, now the world’s largest with over 134 million members, was founded, on the same day the University of Toronto held the first Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer (1925), Imperial Airways served the first cooked meals on scheduled flights, on the same day the American Federation of Labor founded the Union Labor Life Insurance Company (1927), the dwarf planet Pluto was named (1930), the Empire State Building was dedicated (1931), the Humanist Manifesto I was published (1933), the 3-year Pilbara Strike began in Australia (1946), 11 people were killed when gunmen attacked a May Day celebration in Piana degli Albanesi, Sicily (1947), the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was founded with Kim Il-Sung as the nation’s first leader (1948), Guam became a U.S. commonwealth (1950), Jonas Salk’s polio vaccine was made available to the public, on the same day a Japanese doctor reported the first case of what is now Minamata Disease, caused by mercury-laden shellfish (1956), the Indian states of Gujarat and Maharashtra were established, on the same day U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers was shot down over the Soviet Union (1960), Fidel Castro proclaimed Cuba a socialist nations and abolished elections (1961), Amtrak took over operation of U.S. passenger rail service (1971), at least 34 people were killed as gunmen opened fire on a Labour Day celebration at Istanbul’s Taksim Square (1977), Naomi Uemura became the first person to reach the North Pole alone (1978), the World’s Fair opened in Knoxville, Tennessee (1982), John Paul II beatified Edith Stein (1987), Disney-MGM Studios opened at Walt Disney World, Orlando (1989), the Episcopal Church of the Philippines gained full autonomy (1990), the Oakland Athletics’ Rickey Henderson stole his career-record 939th base, on the same day the Texas Rangers’ Nolan Ryan pitched his career-record seventh no-hitter (1991), the body of British climber George Mallory was found on Mount Everest, 75 years after his disappearance (1999), President George W. Bush gave his “Mission Accomplished” speech (2003), Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia joined the European Union (2004), Los Angeles police broke up a May Day immigration rally at MacArthur Park (2007), and Sweden recognized marriage equality (2009). And Benedict XVI beatified John Paul II, on the same day President Barack Obama announced the death of Osama bin Laden (2011).
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