Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Elizabeth I died and Scotland’s James VI became England’s James I, on the same day Japanese Emperor Go-Yozei appointed Tokugawa Ieyasu as shogun, beginning the 268-year Tokugawa Shogunate, today (1603). Also, 8 Lords Proprietor were granted a charter for the Province of Carolina, now North and South Carolina, to reward their help in restoring Charles II to the English throne (1663), the Acts of Union formally united England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707), Johann Sebastian Bach dedicated 6 pieces to the margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, now known as the Brandenburg Concertos (1721), the British Parliament passed the Quartering Act (1765), and the Roman Catholic Relief Act (1829), Mormon founder Joseph Smith was tarred and feathered in Hiram, Ohio (1832), Canada guaranteed black men the right to vote (1837), Venezuela abolished slavery (1854), Japanese Chief Minister Ii Naosuke was assassinated by samurai who opposed his signing treaties to permit foreign trade (1860), 317 sailors died when the HMS Eurydice sank in a storm off the Isle of Wight (1878), Robert Koch announced his discovery of mycobacterium tuberculosis (1882), Alexander Popov sent the first radio communication, between two buildings on the campus of Russia’s St. Petersburg University (1896), New York Mayor Robert Van Wyck broke ground for the Rapid Transit Railroad, the city’s first inter-borough subway line (1900), Congress passed the the Tydings–McDuffie Act authorizing the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth (1934), Frederick Pethick-Lawrence, Stafford Cripps, and Albert Alexander arrived in India to prepare plans for Indian independence (1946), Archbishop Óscar Romero was murdered while celebrating Mass in San Salvador, one day after his sermon calling on the Salvadoran military to stop killing civilians (1980), the Exxon Valdez ran aground and spilled 240,000 gallons of oil into Prince William Sound, Alaska (1989), Carolyn and Eugene Shoemaker and David Levy discovered Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 (1993), 4 students and a teacher were killed and ten others wounded when two boys opened fire at the Westside Middle School near Jonesboro, Arkansas (1998), 250 people died as a tornado struck Dantan, India (1998), 39 people died as a fire swept through the Mont Blanc Tunnel connecting Chamonix, France and Courmayeur, Italy (1999), the Arab League voted 21-1 for a resolution demanding the withdrawal of U.S. and British troops from Iraq (2003), and Bhutan held her first ever national elections (2008). And New Zealand defeated South Africa to advance to their first-ever Cricket World Cup final, on the same day 150 people died when Germanwings Flight 9525 crashed into the French Alps (2015).

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Yesterday on Campus

YouTube Treasures – Lake Toba with Neil deGrasse Tyson on Water Towers
Campus QuestionDoes John Bolton’s appointment as National Security Advisor “push the United States closer towards a dangerous war?”

Today on Campus

Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Photo Credit: RavenWhimsy (Tumblr)

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::