Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Macbeth killed Duncan I in battle at Bothganowan, now Pitgaveney, and became King of Scotland today (1040). Also, Adolf VIII of Berg granted town privileges to Düsseldorf (1288), Charles IV granted city privileges to Carlsbad (1370), Britain annexed the Tristan da Cunha Archipelago (1816), the end of the Second Seminole War forced most Seminoles to leave Florida for what is now Oklahoma (1842), Congress established the Oregon Territory (1848), Cologne’s landmark cathedral was completed (1880), Japan issued her first patent, to the inventor of a rust-proof paint (1885), Arthur Sullivan’s “The Lost Chord” was played during London a press conference to introduce Thomas Edison’s phonograph (1888), France became the first country to register motor vehicles (1893), Gustave Whitehead claimed to have made the first powered heavier-than-air flight (1901), deadlocked after the death of Sen. William Frye, Senate leaders agreed to rotate the office of President pro tempere of the Senate among the leading candidates until the next federal election (1911), U.S. Marines invaded Nicaragua to defend the U.S.-installed government (1912), the Soviet Union recognized the independence of Tannu Uriankhai, now the Tuva Republic (1921), loggers in Oregon’s Coast Range caused the first of several fires now known as the Tillamook Burn (1933), President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act (1935), Rainey Bethea was hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky, the last public execution in the U.S. (1936), Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt signed the Atlantic Charter (1941), the formal surrender of Japan ended World War II (1945), Pakistan gained independence (1947), the American Football League was founded, whose teams became the NFL’s American Football Conference when the leagues merged a decade later (1959), Britain’s Marine Broadcasting Offences Act banned offshore, unlicensed ‘pirate radio’ (1967), British troops were deployed to Northern Ireland in what would become the longest army operation in British history (1969), Bahrain declared independence (1971), The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opened in Los Angeles (1975), Lech Wałęsa led strikes at the Gdańsk, Poland shipyards (1980), Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, also known as “Carlos the Jackal,” was captured (1994), a series cascading failures in Ohio triggered the Northeast Blackout (2003), 796 people were killed when four car bombs exploded in Yazidi Kurdish communities in northern Iraq (2007), Singapore hosted the first Youth Olympic Games (2010), and at least 624 people were killed as Egyptian security forces attacked supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi (2013). And the U.S. Embassy opened in Havana, restoring full diplomatic relations after 54 years (2015).

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Yesterday on Campus

Ask Ms. Crissie“On Many Sides?”
Campus QuestionOn This Union Meet Sunday Face: Is white men feeling “their country is slipping away” to immigrants, Black Lives Matter, etc. pretty much an explicit declaration of racism?
Our EarthEco News Roundup

Today on Campus

Things We Did This WeekShare your stories of political activism!
Ask Ms. CrissieLeft “Summoned the Demon” of White Supremacy?
Midday Matinee – Linda Lee with Dairy Farming and Immigrants
Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Photo Credit: British Wildlife Centre

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::