Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands went on strike against a ban on foreign beer today (1487). Also, Jacques Cartier planted a cross on Canada’s Gaspé Peninsula in the name of Francis I of France (1534), Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate and replaced by her one-year-old son, James VI (1567), Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded the trading post at Fort Pontchartrain that became Detroit, Michigan (1701), Chile abolished slavery (1834), Brigham Young led 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, an event marked as Pioneer Day Utah (1847), Tennessee became the first former Confederate state to be readmitted into the U.S. (1866), O. Henry was released from prison following a three-year sentence for embezzlement (1901), Hiram Bingham III re-discovered Machu Picchu (1911), 844 passengers and crew died when the liner S.S. Eastland capsized and sank while docked in the Chicago River (1915), the League of Nations confirmed the British Mandate of Palestine (1922), the Menin Gate War Memorial was unveiled at Ypres, Belgium (1927), the Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of policy, took effect (1929), the Dust Bowl Heat Wave peaked with temperatures of 109°F in Chicago and 104°F in Milwaukee (1935), Alabama dropped charges against four of the nine “Scottsboro Boys” (1937), Anderl Heckmair, Ludwig Vörg, Heinrich Harrer, and Fritz Kasparek made the first successful ascent of the Eiger’s north face (1938), Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev had their “Kitchen Debate” at the American National Exposition in Moscow (1959), the iconic schooner Bluenose II was launched in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia (1963), Apollo 11 splashed down safely in the Pacific Ocean (1969), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously in U.S. v. Nixon that the president did not have the authority to withhold White House tapes from the Watergate special prosecutor (1974), 299 people died when a mudslide destroyed a bridge in Nagasaki, Japan (1982), Kansas City Royals’ star George Brett’s home run was disallowed in the “Pine Tar Incident,” on the same day at least 400 people died in anti-Tamil riots in Sri Lanka, the “Black July” regarded as the start of the Sri Lankan Civil War (1983), a gunman burst into the U.S. Capitol and killed two police officers (1998), Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria as a child, was sworn in as his country’s Prime Minister, the first former monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office (2001), the U.S. House voted 420-1 to expel James Traficant after his conviction on bribery, income tax evasion, and racketeering charges (2002), the MV Arctic Sea was allegedly hijacked by pirates in the North Sea (2009), 44 of 47 Japanese prefectures completed the switchover to Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (2011), and 78 people died when a high-speed train derailed in Santiago de Compostela, Spain (2013). And 116 people died when Air Algérie Flight 5017 crashed in Mali (2014).

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Yesterday on Campus

Ask Ms. CrissieDuterte: “I’ve Seen America and It’s Lousy?”
Campus QuestionOn Union Sunday Week Press State: Is the God-King corrupting “the character of conservatism” or merely reflecting what that character has been for decades?
Our EarthEco News Roundup

Today on Campus

Things We Did This WeekShare your stories of political activism!
Mixed Nuts“A Better Deal”
Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Photo Credit: RavenWhimsy (Tumblr)

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::