Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)
Eratosthenes calculated that Troy was sacked and burned today (1184 BCE). Also, Alexander the Great died in Nebuchadnezzar II’s palace in Babylon (323 BCE), Alexios Apokaukos was lynched by political prisoners during the Byzantine Civil War (1345), Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon (1509), Spain’s Philip II recognized the Philippine chieftains and nobles who became the Principalía (1594), James Cook ran around on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef (1770), the Continental Congress appointed Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert Livingston to draft the Declaration of Independence (1776), Gerasim Izmailov reached Alaska (1788), a fire destroyed most of Detroit (1805), the first cornerstone was laid for New York City’s Fort Hamilton (1825), Protestant firefighters attacked an Irish Catholic funeral procession, sparking Boston’s Broad Street Riot (1837), the Salvation Army opened the Limelight Department, one of the world’s first movie studios, in Melbourne, Australia (1892), China’s Guangxu Emperor began the Hundred Days’ Reform, although it was soon halted by Empress Dowager Cixi (1898), New Zealand annexed the Cook Islands (1901), Serbian King Alexander Obrenović and his wife Draga were assassinated in a coup d’état (1903), Alexander assumed the throne of Greece upon the abdication of his father Constantine I (1917), Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes to become the first Triple Crown winner (1919), Republican Party leaders met in a room in Chicago’s Blackstone Hotel to choose Warren Harding as their nominee, leading the AP’s Raymond Clapper to coin the term “smoke-filled room” (1920), Edwin Armstrong demonstrated FM radio broadcasting in Alpine, New Jersey (1935), the International Surrealist Exhibition opened in London (1936), Josef Stalin ordered the executions of 8 Red Army leaders as part of the Great Purge (1937), Mary Margaret Truman, son of then-Senator Harry Truman, christened the USS Missouri, the last battleship built by the U.S. Navy (1944), 83 spectators and driver Pierre Levegh died when two cars collided and sent fragments flying into the stands during 24 Hours of Le Mans race (1955), 150 people were killed in the 5-day Gal Oya Riots, the first ethnic violence targeting Sri Lankan Tamils (1956), Frank Morris, John Anglin, and Clarence Anglin disappeared from the federal prison on Alcatraz Island (1962), President John Kennedy publicly proposed the Civil Rights Act, on the same day Gov. George Wallace stood at the door of the University of Alabama’s Foster Auditorium to block black students Vivian Malone and James Hood from attending, although federalized National Guard troops allowed them to register later that day (1963), 10 elementary school students and teachers were killed by a flamethrower-, lance-, and mace-wielding attacker in Cologne, Germany (1964), Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth Hoisington became the U.S. Army’s first female generals (1970), federal officers ended the 19-month Occupation of Alcatraz, removing the last 15 Native American protesters (1971), 126 people died when a train derailed on a sharp curve at London’s Eltham Well Hall station (1972), Altaf Hussain founded the All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organisation at Karachi University (1978), at least 2000 people died when a magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck Golbaf, Iran (1981), Singapore’s Sentosa Musical Fountain opened (1982), Diane Abbott, Paul Boateng, and Bernie Grant were elected as the first black Britishers to serve in Parliament (1987), Compaq bought Digital Equipment Corporation for $9 billion (1998), Timothy McVeigh was executed for his role in the Oklahoma City Bombing (2001), the U.S. House passed a resolution recognizing Antonio Meucci’s role in inventing the telephone (2002), the Cassini-Huygens Cassini-Huygens probe made its closest flyby of Saturn’s moon Phoebe (2004), 130 people died when heavy rains triggered mudslides in Chittagong, Bangladesh (2007), and Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologized to Canada’s First Nations for the abuses of the 19th and early 20th-century Residential School Systems (2008). And 75 people died when two earthquakes triggered landslides in northern Afghanistan (2012).
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