Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)
French scholar Peter Abelard was charged with heresy today (1142). Also, Hernando de Soto claimed Florida for Spain (1539), the Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherland, from the Delmarva Peninsula to southwestern Cape Cod (1621), Jack Jouett rode 40 miles to warn Virginia Governor Thomas Jefferson of a raid by British commander Banastre Tarleton (1781), Lin Tse-hsü destroys over 1 million kilos of opium confiscated from British merchants in Humen, China, sparking the First Opium War (1839), citizens of Sheffield, England rioted at the Wardsend Cemetery over rumors that corpses were being sold to medical schools rather than buried (1862), the San Francisco Examiner published Ernest Lawrence Thayer’s poem “Casey at the Bat” (1888), the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway was completed, as was the first long-distance electric transmission line in the U.S., covering the 14 miles from a generator in Willamette Falls to downtown Portland, Oregon (1889), 1000 unemployed workers boarded freight cars in Vancouver and began a protest ride to Ottawa (1935), the former Edward VIII, then Duke of Windsor, married Wallis Simpson (1937), the last of 338,226 British, French, Polish, Belgian, and Dutch troops evacuated Dunkirk (1940), U.S. Navy sailors and Marines attacked Hispanic youths in Los Angeles’ Zoot Suit Riots (1943), Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal reached the summit of Annapurna, the first successful ascent of an Eight-thousander (1950), Singapore became a self-governing state (1959), 130 people died when Air France Flight 007 crashed on takeoff at Paris’s Orly Airport (1962), Ed White performed the first American spacewalk, from Gemini 4 (1965), Valerie Solanas shot and wounded Andy Warhol (1968), 74 sailors died when the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne collided with the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Frank E. Evans during an exercise in the South China Sea (1969), 6 crew members and 8 observes on the ground died when a Tupolev Tu-144 crashed during the Paris Air Show (1973), 3 million barrels of oil would spill into the Gulf of Mexico after a blow out on the Ixtoc I platform (1979), 6 people died as 15 tornadoes including an F4 struck Grand Island, Nebraska (1980), Israeli Ambassador Shlomo Argov was shot and paralyzed in London (1982), at least 490 and as many as 5000 people would die in five days as the Indian government attacked the Harmandir Sahib Complex, the Sikh Golden Temple, in Operation Blue Star (1984), China sent tanks and troops into Tienanmen Square to end seven weeks of student protests (1989), 43 researchers and journalists died when Mount Unzen erupted in Kyūshū, Japan (1991), the High Court of Australia recognized native land titles in Mabo v. Queensland (No. 2) (1992), 101 people died when a high-speed train derailed near Eschede, Germany (1998), Montenegro declared independence (2006), and 163 people died when Dana Air Flight 992 crashed into a suburb of Lagos, Nigeria (2012). And 120 people died when a fire swept through the Jilin Baoyuanfeng poultry plant in Mishazi, China (2013).
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