Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)
An estimated 318 bishops gathered for the First Council of Nicea today (325). Also, at least 250,000 people died as a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Antioch (526), Sancho IV of Castile established the Study of General Schools of Alcalá, now Complutense University of Madrid (1293), Vasco da Gama arrived at Kozhikode on India’s Malabar Coast (1498), Abraham Ortelius published the world’s first modern atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570), Thomas Thorpe published Shakespeare’s sonnets (1609), Napoleon Bonaparte revoked Revolution-era abolition laws and reinstated slavery in French colonies (1802), a fire gutted the York Minster cathedral (1840), President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act (1862), Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patented blue denim jeans with copper rivets (1873), Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed the Triple Alliance (1882), steam began to vent from Krakatoa, heralding a cataclysmic eruption three months later (1883), Thomas Edison displayed a prototype of his kinetoscope (1891), 1 person was killed as the 6-ton chandelier of Paris’ Palais Garnier opera house fell on the crowd below (1896), New York City taxi driver Jacob German received the first traffic ticket in the U.S. for speeding on Lexington Street at 12mph (1899), Cuba gained independence and Tomás Estrada Palma was inaugurated as the nation’s first president (1902), the Saturday Evening Post published their first Norman Rockwell cover painting, Boy with Baby Carriage (1916), Montréal’s XWA began the first regularly-scheduled radio programming in North America (1920), Charles Lindbergh took off from New York City’s Roosevelt Field on the first solo, non-stop transatlantic flight, on the same day the Treaty of Jeddah recognized Ibn Saud as the sovereign of the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, which later merged to become Saudi Arabia (1927), Amelia Earhart took off from Newfoundland on the first solo, non-stop transatlantic flight by a woman (1930), Chiang Kai-shek was elected as the first President of the Republic of China (1948), the Armed Forces Security Agency, now the National Security Agency, was founded (1949), 121 people died as Pakistan International Airlines Flight 705 crashed on approach at Cairo (1965), voters in Québec rejected a referendum to pursue secession (1980), Science published Luc Montagnier’s discovery of the HIV virus, on the same day 19 people were killed when a car bomb exploded outside the South African Air Force headquarters building on Church Street in Pretoria (1983), Radio Martí began broadcasting (1985), China declared martial law in response to pro-democracy demonstrations, a step that would lead to the the Tiananmen Square Massacre two weeks later (1989), Romanians voted in their first post-communist presidential and parliamentary elections (1990), the U.S. Supreme Court held in Romer v. Evans that there was no rational basis for a Colorado state constitutional amendment that forbade counties and cities from protecting LGBTs in civil rights ordinances (1996), Portugal recognized the independence of East Timor (2002), 1.8 million garment workers began wildcat strikes in Dhaka, Bangladesh (2006), and 24 people died as an F5 tornado struck Moore, Oklahoma (2013). And at least 118 people were killed when two car bombs exploded in Jos, Nigeria (2014).
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Good morning! ::hugggggs::