Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Boniface VIII founded the Sapienza University of Rome today (1303). Also, Jacques Cartier set sail on the voyage that would lead him to Labrador and Canada (1534), residents of Stockholm saw the Sun Dog, prompting Urban Målare to paint the Vädersolstavlan (1535), Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament (1653), the Dutch colonial government guaranteed freedom of religion for Jews in New Amsterdam, now New York City (1657), British troops besieged Boston following the battles of Lexington and Concord (1775), the French Assembly declared war on Austria, the formal start of the French Revolutionary Wars (1792), the Governor of Caracas declared independence from Spain (1810), René Caillié became the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu (1828), Congress established the Wisconsin Territory (1836), Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard disproved the theory of spontaneous generation (1862), Pietro Angelo Secchi demonstrated his disk to measure water clarity, aboard Pius IX’s yacht L’Immaculata Concezion (1865), President Ulysses Grant signed the Enforcement Act authorizing the suspension of habeus corpus to combat the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist groups (1871), Bulgarian rebels attacked the Ottoman police headquarters in Koprivshtitsa, launching the April Uprising (1876), Leo XIII issued the Humanum Genus condemning Freemasonry, naturalism, secular popular sovereignty, and the separation of church and state (1884), Pierre and Marie Curie refined radium chloride (1902), the New South Wales Rugby League began competition (1908), Boston’s Fenway Park and Detroit’s Tiger Stadium opened (1912), at least 19 people were killed when Colorado National Guard troops and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards attacked a striking miners’ tent colony in Ludlow (1914), the Chicago Cubs played their first game at Weeghman Park, now Wrigley Field (1916), Western Electric and Warner Brothers announced the Vitaphone process to add sound to film (1926), Billie Holiday recorded “Strange Fruit” (1939), the League of Nations formally dissolved and shifted most of its powers to the United Nations (1946), Dan Gavriliu performed the first successful human organ replacement surgery (1951), the Bay of Pigs Invasion collapsed (1961), Enoch Powell gave his controversial Rivers of Blood speech (1968), 2 passengers were killed as Soviet fighters fired on Korean Air Lines Flight 902, although the flight crew crash-landed the aircraft safely and the remaining 107 passengers and crew were rescued (1978), the Québec Nordiques and Montréal Canadiens posted a record total 272 penalty minutes and 10 ejections in what the press dubbed the “Good Friday Massacre” (1984), pianist Vladimir Horowitz performed in his native Russia for the first time in 61 years (1986), 13 students were killed as two gunmen opened fire at Columbine High School (1999), a hostage was killed when a gunman attacked the Johnson Space Center in Houston (2007), Danica Patrick became the first woman to win an Indy Car race, the Indy Japan 300 (2008), 11 workers died and a record 4.9 million barrels of oil began to gush into the Gulf of Mexico as the Deepwater Horizon platform exploded and collapsed (2010), and 193 people died as a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Lushan, China, on the same day the final reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was shut down (2013). And 10 people were killed when terrorists bombed a United Nations food convoy in Garowe, Somalia (2015).

+++++

Yesterday on Campus

Mixed NutsHillary Meltdown Myths, plus Other Stuff
Midday Matinee – Linda Lee with Color Me Confused
Campus QuestionWhy is House Oversight chair Jason Chaffetz leaving Congress next year?

Today on Campus

Mixed NutsFox Fires O’Reilly, plus Other Stuff
YouTube Treasures – Lake Toba with Talking Dogs
Campus Question at 6pm ET

+++++

Photo Credit: RavenWhimsy (Tumblr)

+++++

Good morning! ::hugggggs::