Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

The Arch of Constantine was completed in Rome today (315). Also, Charles the Bald issued the Edict of Pistres ordering defensive measures against Viking raiders (864), Sebastián de Belalcázar founded the city of Santiago de Cali, Colombia (1536), Francisco de Orellana founded the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador (1538), English Queen Mary I married Spanish King Phillip II at Winchester Cathedral (1554), Don Diego de Losada founded the city of Caracas, Venezuela (1567), Scottish King James VI was crowned English King James I, uniting the two nations under a single ruler (1603), the Sea Venture went ashore on Bermuda during a storm, inspiring Shakespeare’s The Tempest (1609), Ignacio de Maya founded the city of Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Mexico (1693), Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. 40 in G minor (1788), the first stone of Wales’ Pontcysyllte Aqueduct was laid (1795), Costa Rica annexed Guanacaste from Nicaragua (1824), William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone demonstrated the first commercial electric telegraph, signaling between Euston and Camden Town in London (1837), Joaquin Murrieta, the “Robin Hood of El Dorado,” was killed in California (1853), Congress authorized the Army rank of five-star general for Ulysses Grant (1866), Wyoming became a U.S. territory (1868), Greece’s Corinth Canal opened for shipping (1893), the U.S. invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War (1898), Japanese chemist Kikunae Ikeda patented the manufacturing process for monosodium glutimate (1908), Louis Blériot made the first airplane flight across the English Channel, from Calais to Dover (1909), Prime Minister Robert Borden introduced Canada’s first income tax (1917), the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union, TASS, was founded (1925), Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis teamed up for the first time at Atlantic City’s Club 500 (1946), Puerto Rico adopted her constitution (1952), 51 people died when the Andrea Doria collided with the MV Stockholm in heavy fog south of Nantucket Island (1956), Tunisia became a republic (1957), the SR.N1 hovercraft crossed the English Channel from Calais to Dover (1959), Bob Dylan performed with an electric guitar for the first time at the Newport Folk Festival (1965), the Soviet Mars 5 space probe was launched (1973), Viking 1 took the famous “Face on Mars” photograph (1976), Puerto Rican police ambushed and murdered independence activists Carlos Soto Arriví and Arnaldo Darío Rosado at Cerro Maravilla, on the same day Louise Brown was born as the world’s first “test tube baby” (1978), Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to perform a space walk (1984), Israel and Jordan signed the Washington Declaration, formally ending the war that had been declared 46 years earlier (1994), Pratibha Patil was sworn in as India’s first female president (2007), and WikiLeaks published 91,731 classified documents relating to the war in Afghanistan (2010). And Pranab Mukherjee was sworn in as India’s 13th president (2012).

+++++

Yesterday on Campus

Ask Ms. Crissie at 8am ET – Tim Kaine: “A Rainbow of Cultural Diversity?”
Campus QuestionEco News Roundup
Our EarthWill Democrats present a united voice this week in Philadelphia?

Today on Campus

Things We Did This WeekShare your stories of political activism!
Mixed NutsHillary, Bernie, Debbie, and Vladimir…
Campus Question at 6pm ET

+++++

Photo Credit: British Wildlife Centre

+++++

Good morning! ::hugggggs::