Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

King Erwig of the Visigoths convened the Twelfth Council of Toledo today (681). Also, China’s Northern Song Dynasty ended when Jin Dynasty troops sacked the Song capital of Kaifeng and abducted Emperor Qinzong (1127), other residents massacred the Jews in Basel, Switzerland, believing they carried the Black Plague (1349), Connecticut became our 5th state (1788), Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger began a 10% income tax to pay for Britain’s war against Napoleon (1799), Horatio Nelson was buried in St Paul’s Cathedral (1806), Humphry Davy tested his safety lamp for miners at the Hebburn Colliery (1816), the French Academy of Sciences announced the photographic process known as Daguerreotype (1839), Mississippi seceded from the Union (1861), the Great Gale struck parts of Oregon and Washington with high winds and heavy snow (1880), Juan de la Cierva flew the first autogyro aircraft (1923), 78 children died as a fire swept through Montréal’s Laurier Palace movie theatre (1927), Elizabeth Short, whom newspapers would dub the “Black Dahlia,” was seen alive for the last time (1947), Bangladesh’s Mirzapur Cadet College opened (1965), the Republika Srpska or Bosnian Serb Republic was founded (1992), the Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye Hostage Crisis began as Chechen guerrillas raided a Russian military airbase and hospital (1996), 28 Albanian emigrants headed for Italy died when their rubber boat stalled the Karaburun Peninsula (2004), Mahmoud Abbas was elected to replace Yasser Arafat as President of the Palestinian National Authority, on the same day the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and the Government of Sudan signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to end the Second Sudanese Civil War (2005), Apple CEO Steve Jobs revealed the first iPhone (2007), 85 people were injured when a SeaStreak ferry crashed into the dock in lower Manhattan (2013), and 5 people died in an explosion at the Mitsubishi Materials chemical plant in Yokkaichi, Japan (2014). And 5 people including the perpetrator were killed as an ISIS militant took hostages at a Jewish market in Paris, while police surrounded and killed the Charlie Hebdo gunmen after another hostage standoff near Charles de Gaulle Airport (2015).

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Yesterday on Campus

Morning FeatureMy Constitution, Part II: The Judgeship of the Citizen
Midday Matinee – triciawyse with Friedai Critters!
Campus QuestionAs conservatives drool over the police shooting in Philadelphia, is a mentally-ill Muslim a terrorist, and are white terrorists just protesters?

Today on Campus

Morning FeatureMy Constitution, Part III: Keep It Positive! (Non-Cynical Saturday)
Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::