Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Tradition holds that Adrian of Nicomedia was martyred alongside the Christians he had persecuted as a praetorian captain before his conversion, today (306). Also, Frederick I was elected King of the Germans (1152), Uthong became the first king of Ayutthaya, now northern Thailand (1351), Władysław II Jagiełło became King of Poland (1386), Edward IV deposed Henry VI during England’s War of the Roses (1461), Christopher Columbus returned to Lisbon aboard the Niña after his first voyage to the Bahamas and Caribbean (1493), Hernán Cortés arrived in Mexico in search of the Aztecs and their wealth (1519), Charles I issued a royal charter to the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1628 or 1629), Charles II declared war on the Netherlands, starting the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665), and issued a royal charter to William Penn for what would become Pennsylvania (1681), the Continental Army fortified Dorchester Heights with cannon hauled from the captured Fort Ticonderoga, forcing the British to end the Siege of Boston (1776), the First Congress convened in New York City and drafted the Bill of Rights (1789), France abandoned historical provinces of nobility in favor of 83 départements (1790), Vermont became our 14th state (1791), Congress passed the Eleventh Amendment (1794), the city of Chicago was incorporated (1837), Carlo Alberto di Savoia signed the Statuto Albertino that would later be Italy’s first constitution (1848), Britain’s first electric trams began operation in London (1882), the Prince of Wales, later Edward VIII, opened the Forth Rail Bridge, the longest in Britain (1890), 300 people died as Category 5 Cyclone Mahina struck Cooktown, Queensland, Australia (1899), 175 people, all but three of them students, died as a fire swept through the Lake View School in Collinwood, Ohio (1908), President William Taft introduced would later be called the “Saxbe Fix” to avoid the Article I Ineligibility Clause and appoint Philander Knox as Secretary of State (1909), the Department of Labor was established (1913), Jeanette Rankin became the first woman to serve in the U.S. House (1917), company cook Albert Gitchell reported sick at Fort Riley, Kansas, the first confirmed case of what would become the worldwide Spanish Flu epidemic, on the same day the USS Cyclops left Barbados and disappeared into the Bermuda Triangle (1918), Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins became the first female cabinet member, on the same day Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss suspended the Austrian Parliament and began Austrofascism under the Wartime Economy Authority Law (1933), the S&P 500 replaced the S&P 90 stock market index (1957), People magazine debuted as People Weekly (1974), 1578 people died as a magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck Romania and Hungary (1977), Robert Mugabe was elected as Zimbabwe’s first black prime minister (1980), Bertha Wilson was appointed the first female justice to serve on the Supreme Court of Canada (1983), the FDA approved the first blood test for the HIV/AIDS virus (1985), the Soviet Vega 1 probe began sending close-up images of Halley’s Comet (1986), 2300 people were evacuated when a train carrying hazardous chemicals derailed in Weyauwega, Wisconsin (1996), the U.S. Supreme Court held in Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services that sexual harassment laws still apply when both parties are members of the same sex (1998), 59 people died when the Hintze Ribeiro Bridge collapsed in Castelo de Paiva, Portugal (2001), and roughly 30,000 voters cast their ballots on the internet, among the nearly 300,000 who voted in Estonia’s parliamentary elections (2007). And the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, charging war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur (2009).

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Yesterday on Campus

Morning Feature – The Squirrel with Hillary and eGate
Midday MatineeTuesday’s Tale: Monotony, Inc.
Campus QuestionDid Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s speech do neocons more harm than good?
Our EarthFarmer Takes “Old” Approach

Today on Campus

Morning FeatureSystems and Conditions: The Constitution and Gridlock
Midday Matinee – Linda Lee with Is It Contagious?
Campus Question at 6pm ET

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Good Morning! ::hugggggs::