Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Pope Gregory IX excommunicated Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II for refusing to participate in the Crusades today (1227). Also, Henry Robinson opened his Office of Addresses and Encounters in London’s Threadneedle Street (1650), the U.S. War Department established the first standing army, on the same day the first U.S. Congress adjourned (1789), the Metropolitan Police of London was founded (1829), the first practical electric public tramway opened in Blackpool, England (1885), the cornerstone was laid for the Washington National Cathedral (1907), the British Mandate for Palestine took effect (1923), the Duke vs. University of Pittsburgh football game on NBC became the first live, nationwide sports television broadcast (1951), Nikita Khrushchev’s outbursts disrupted a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly (1960), Canada launched the Alouette 1 satellite (1961), the Argentine comic strip Mafalda premiered (1964), the Chevrolet Panther, now the Camaro, was introduced (1966), Japan ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan and opened relations with China (1972), Detroit’s WGPR became the world’s first black-owned and -operated TV station (1975), John Paul II became the first pope to visit the Republic of Ireland (1979), the first victims of the Tylenol Murders died in Chicago (1982), the Washington National Cathedral was completed (1990), Burt Rutan’s Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne made the first of two successful flights needed to win the $10 million prize, on the same day the asteroid 4179 Toutatis passed within four lunar distances of Earth (2004), the Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped a single-day record 777.68 points after the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual (2008), and at least 189 people died as a magnitude 8.1 earthquake near Samoa triggered a tsunami in the South Pacific (2009). And 42 people were killed when Boko Harum terrorists attacked the College of Agriculture in Gujba, Nigeria (2013).

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::