Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Japan began minting copper coins today (708). Also, Vasco da Gama left India to return to Portugal (1498), the first Native American reservation was established at Indian Mills, New Jersey (1758), farmers in western Massachusetts rose up against state government austerity policies in Shays’ Rebellion (1786), Portugal recognized Brazil’s independence (1825), Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction (1831), the Treaty of Nanking ended the First Opium War (1842), the Mount Washington Cog Railway opened as the world’s first rack railway (1869), Meiji abolished Japan’s feudal han administrative system and established prefectures (1871), Gottlieb Daimler patented the first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen (1885), the Goodyear Tire Company was founded (1898), 75 workers died when the Pont de Québec collapsed (1907), the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty began Japan’s 35-year rule over the Korean peninsula (1910), President Woodrow Wilson signed the Philippine Autonomy Act (1916), the first radio advertisement was broadcast on New York City’s WEAF-AM (1922), the last 36 inhabitants of St Kilda were voluntarily evacuated to the Scottish mainland (1930), the Soviet Union tested her first atomic bomb (1949), the U.S. Air Force Academy opened in Colorado Springs (1958), Gemini V landed safely in the Atlantic Ocean (1965), the Beatles performed their last concert before paying fans at San Francisco’s Candlestick Park (1966), 3 people including journalist Ruben Salazar were killed when Los Angeles police attacked the Chicano Moratorium marchers against the Vietnam War (1970), a team led by Peter Armbruster and Gottfried Münzenberg synthesized Meitnerium for the first time (1982), Palermo businessman Libero Grassi was murdered eight months after publicly protesting Mafia extortion demands (1991), 98 villagers in Rais were murdered by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria, known as GIA (1997), Iraqi Shia leader Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim and 100 other worshipers were killed by a terrorist bombing at the Najaf mosque (2003), 1836 people were killed as Hurricane Katrina devastated the U.S. Gulf Coast and flooded New Orleans (2005), and six cruise missiles armed with nuclear warheads were flown without authorization from Minot Air Force Base to Barksdale Air Force Base (2007). And the Summer Paralympic Games opened in London, on the same day 45 miners died in an explosion at China’s Xiaojiawan Coal Mine (2012).

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The Janitor Professor of Astrology was not bicycling through Spain as he researched this week’s Bippiescopes….

Virgo: Balance courage and caution this weekend. Drink extra water.

Libra: Establish personal priorities this weekend. Start with the next hill.

Scorpio: Loosen the reins this weekend. Get into the breakaway.

Sagittarius: Ride the cosmic energy this weekend. Or the fruit gels.

Capricorn: Enjoy the scenery this weekend. That pant hilltop village is pant pant.

Aquarius: Put your fears to rest this weekend. But not your legs.

Pisces: Keep looking ahead this weekend. At the butt of the next rider.

Aries: Don’t share every thought this weekend. Let someone else complain.

Taurus: Set realistic goals this weekend. But get inside the cutoff time.

Gemini: Consider new options this weekend. Then get back in the pack.

Cancer: Ignore irrational worries this weekend. That one isn’t irrational.

Leo: Turn dreams into reality this weekend. Unless you dream of rest.

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::