Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)
The 12 Scillitan Martyrs, the first recorded Christians in North Africa, were executed today (180). Also, Zhu Di became the third emperor in the Ming Dynasty (1402), Joan of Arc’s successful military campaign enabled Charles VII to be crowned King of France (1429), Jean Bureau’s French army defeated the British at Castillon, the final battle of the Hundred Years War (1453), England’s George I listened to the premiere of Handel’s Water Music while sailing on the Thames, performed by 50 musicians on an accompanying barge (1717), the 16 Carmelite Martyrs of Compiègne were executed ten days before the end of the Reign of Terror (1794), 60 people died in the Great Train Wreck in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania (1856), the Harvard School of Dental Medicine was established (1867), the NEC Corporation was founded as the first Japanese joint venture with foreign capital (1899), George V proclaimed that the British royal family surname was no longer the German Saxe-Coburg and Gotha but was now Windsor (1917), Nicholas II, his wife, their five children, and four retainers were murdered in Yekaterinburg, Russia (1918), 18 people were killed in a clash between Nazi and Communist Party supporters and German police in Altona (1932), Spanish army leaders rebelled against the newly-elected Popular Front government, igniting the Spanish Civil War (1936), 320 people died when two ammunition ships exploded in Port Chicago, California (1944), British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet leader Josef Stalin, and President Harry Truman met at Potsdam (1945), the Constitution of South Korea was proclaimed (1948), Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California (1955), Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr overthrew Iraqi President Abdul Rahman Arif, beginning 35 years of Ba’ath Party rule (1968), the last Apollo Program command capsule docked with its Soviet counterpart in the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (1975), the Summer Olympics opened in Montréal (1976), Nicaraguan president General Anastasio Somoza Debayle resigned and fled to Miami, Florida (1979), Elizabeth II opened the Humber Bridge linking East Yorkshire with North Lincolnshire, on the same day 141 people died when a walkway collapsed of Kansas City’s Hyatt Regency hotel (1981), former French President François Mitterrand and former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl founded the EUREKA European scientific research network (1985), 230 people died when TWA Flight 800 exploded off the coast of Long Island, on the same day the Community of Portuguese Language Countries was founded (1996), and 3183 people died when an earthquake triggered a tsunami that devastated 10 villages in Papua New Guinea, on the same day the Rome Statute established the International Criminal Court to prosecute crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes of aggression (1998). And 9 people died when suicide bombers struck the JW Marriott and Ritz-Carlton Hotels in Jakarta, Indonesia (2009).
Good morning! ::hugggggs::