Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

The first recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet occurred today (240 BCE). Also, Charles V issued the Edict of Worms, stripping Martin Luther of the protection of law (1521), Ming general Wu Sangui formed an alliance with the invading Manchus and opened the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan Pass (1644), Pennsylvania and Maryland signed a treaty ending the Conojocular War and settling their boundary disputes (1738), British troops executed 36 Irish rebels at Carnew and 38 at Dunlavin Green, and killed an estimated 1000 rebels and civilians at Carlow (1798), the Chuquisaca Revolution in what is now Sucre, Bolivia began the South American Wars of Independence (1809), citizens of Buenos Aires expelled Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros, starting the Argentine War of Independence (1810), the first draft of an Argentine Constitution was promulgated (1819), as was the first Chilean Constitution (1833), 300 people died when an ordinance depot exploded in Mobile, Alabama (1865), Gilbert and Sullivan’s H.M.S. Pinafore opened in London (1878), Oscar Wilde was convicted of “acts of gross indecency with other male persons” and sentenced to two years in prison (1895), Britain’s House of Commons passed the Home Rule Act for devolution in Ireland (1914), John Scopes was indicted for teaching evolution in violation of Tennessee’s Butler Act (1924), Ohio State’s Jesse Owens broke three world records and tied a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships (1935), the American Federation of Labor began the Remington Rand Strike (1938), Abdullah I became modern Jordan’s first emir (1946), 33 people died when a Chicago Surface Lines streetcar crashed into an oil truck (1950), the University of Houston’s KUHT began broadcasting as the first public television station in the U.S. (1953), Charles Evans, Joe Brown, and George Band became the first to summit Kangchenjunga, on the same day 80 people died when an F5 tornado struck Udall, Kansas (1955), President John Kennedy announced the goal of landing a man on the moon, launching the Apollo Program, on the same day 4 people died and 16,000 were left homeless as a fire swept through Singapore’s Bukit Ho Swee settlement (1961), the Organisation of African Unity was founded (1963), St. Louis’ Gateway Arch was dedicated (1968), Star Wars opened in theaters, on the same day China repealed the ban on William Shakespeare, ending the Cultural Revolution (1977), 6-year-old Etan Patz vanished near his home in New York City (1979), Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates formed the Gulf Cooperation Council (1981), President Ronald Reagan declared National Missing Children’s Day (1983), 10,000 people died as a tropical cyclone struck Bangladesh (1985), 6.5 million people took part in Hands Across America to fight hunger and homelessness (1986), the U.S. House released the Cox Report detailing Chinese espionage over the previous two decades (1999), Erik Weihenmayer became the first blind person to summit Mount Everest (2001), 225 people died when China Air Lines Flight 611 disintegrated and crashed into the Taiwan Strait (2002), NASA’s Phoenix lander touched down on Mars (2008), The Oprah Winfrey Show aired its last episode (2011), and the Dragon spacecraft became the first commercial craft to dock with the International Space Station (2012). And 28 people were killed when Naxalite insurgents attacked a convoy of Indian National Congress politicians in India’s Darbha Valley (2013).

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::