Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Over 1200 people died as a magnitude 8.5 earthquake struck Valdivia, Chile today (1575). Also, the English Interregnum began as Oliver Cromwell was named Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1653), England’s Convention Parliament passed the Bill of Rights that established parliamentary elections and other constitutional limits on the monarchy (1689), Japan’s Mount Fuji erupted for the last time to date (1707), the Sons of Liberty staged the Boston Tea Party (1773), the first two of four severe earthquakes struck New Madrid, Missouri (1811), the first Canterbury Association colonists arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand (1850), Mumbai’s Taj Mahal Palace & Tower Hotel opened (1903), the U.S. Navy’s Great White Fleet began their voyage around the world (1907), 200,000 people died as a magnitude 8.5 earthquake struck China’s Haiyuan County (1920), Polish President Gabriel Narutowicz was assassinated at Warsaw’s Zachęta Gallery (1922), Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe disappeared during an escape attempt from Alcatraz Island (1937), William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain tested the first point-contact transistor (1947), 134 people died when two passenger planes collided in a blizzard over Staten Island, New York (1960), the Second Vatican Council officially revoked the Edict of Expulsion of Jews from Spain (1968), Bahrain gained independence (1971), Cleveland Mayor Dennis Kucinich declared the city bankrupt rather than turn over Cleveland Public Power to creditors (1978), John Gotti ordered the murders of Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti and took control of New York City’s Gambino crime family (1985), the Romanian Revolution began with protests in Timișoara over a government attempt to evict dissident church leader László Tőkés (1989), Kazakhstan gained independence (1991), and the parents of 685 Pokémon viewers in Japan reported their children having seizures after watching the episode “Dennō Senshi Porygon” (1997). And the gang rape of a 23-year-old woman on a Delhi bus sparked international protests over the plight of women in India (2012).


Good morning! ::hugggggs::