Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)
The House of Medici were expelled from Florence today (1494). Also, Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower spotted Cape Cod, Massachusetts (1620), Innocent XII founded the Italian city of Cervia (1697), Arab creditors burned the synagogue of rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid, leading the Ottoman Empire to expel the Ashkenazim from Jerusalem (1720), the Treaty of Seville formally ended the Anglo-Spanish War (1729), the Lenape returned Mary Campbell, whom they had held captive by the Lenape during the French and Indian War, to the forces of Henry Bouquet (1764), the Society of United Irishmen was founded in Dublin (1791), Kentucky marshals abducted Indiana minister Calvin Fairbank and brought him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape (1851), Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and other Boston writers founded The Atlantic (1857), the Tokugawa Shogunate returned power to Emperor Meiji, starting Japan’s Meiji Restoration (1867), at least 30 people died and half of the downtown area burned in the Great Boston Fire (1872), President Theodore Roosevelt went to Panama to inspect the building of the Canal, making him the first U.S. President to make an official overseas visit (1906), Edward VII received the 3106.75-carat Cullinan Diamond on his 66th birthday (1907), more than 250 people died and 19 ships sank in the Great Lakes Storm (1913), eight trade unions left the American Federation of Labor to found the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1935), the shooting of Nazi diplomat Ernst vom Rath became the pretext for the Kristallnacht pogrom against German and Austrian Jews (1938), 458 workers died in an explosion at Japan’s Miike coal mine (1963), Rolling Stone published its first edition (1967), computers at NORAD and the Alternate National Military Command Center in Maryland signaled a false alarm of an incoming Soviet missile strike (1979), 22-year-old Russian Garry Kasparov became the youngest ever World Chess Champion (1985), East Germany opened checkpoints along the Berlin Wall, heralding the reunification of Germany and the end of communism in Eastern Europe (1989), Sigurd Hofmann, Peter Armbruster, and Gottfried Münzenberg created the new element Darmstadtium (1994), a federal judge ordered 37 brokerage houses to pay a combined $1.3 billion to NASDAQ investors who had been cheated in a price-fixing scam (1998), and the European Space Agency launched the Venus Express mission, on the same day 60 people were killed in three suicide bomb attacks on hotels in Amman, Jordan (2005). And the Bundestag passed a bill mandating storage of all citizens’ telecommunications data for six months, a law overturned three years later by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany (2007).
Good morning! ::hugggggs::