Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Alonso de Mendoza founded the city of Nuestra Señora de La Paz, now the capital of Bolivia, today (1548). Also, the Royal Navy captured the pirate known as Calico Jack (1720), Maria Theresa assumed the throne of Austria upon the death of her father Charles VI, but France, Prussia, Bavaria, and Saxony refused to honor the Pragmatic Sanction that authorized a woman to ascend in the absence of a male heir, triggering the War of the Austrian Succession (1740), Maria Theresa’s son Joseph II issued the Patent of Toleration (1781), the Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase (1803), the U.S. and Britain signed the London Convention that set the U.S.-Canadian border along the 49th parallel for most of its length (1818), Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities wrote the first rules for American football (1873), Peru and Chile settled their boundary disputes with the Treaty of Ancón (1883), as did Chile and Bolivia with the Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1904), Mao Zedong’s army reached Shaanxi at the end of the 370-day, 8,000-mile Long March (1935), Pius XII denounced ideologies of racism, cultural superiority, and totalitarian states in the Summi Pontificatus (1939), 130 people died as liquid natural gas leaked from storage tanks and exploded in Cleveland, Ohio (1944), the House Un-American Activities Committee began investigation alleged communist infiltration of Hollywood (1947), an illegal hit from an Oklahoma A&M defender broke the jaw of Drake University’s black star quarterback Johnny Bright (1951), former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy married Aristotle Onassis (1968), President Richard Nixon fired Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus for refusing to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox, in what the press dubbed “The Saturday Night Massacre,” on the same day the Sydney Opera House opened (1973), 78 people died as the Norwegian tanker Frosta struck the ferry George Prince on the Mississippi River in Louisiana (1976), 66 soccer fans died in a crushing stampede toward a single exit at Moscow’s Central Lenin Stadium (1982), and 25 people died as a firestorm destroyed over 3800 homes in Oakland, California, on the same day 768 people died as a magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck the Uttarkashi region of India (1991). And National Transition Council forces captured and killed deposed dictator Muammar Gaddafi (2011).


Good morning! ::hugggggs::