Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Europe’s first non-aristocratic, free public school opened in Frascati, Italy today (1616). Also, the Department of Foreign Affairs became the Department of State (1789), the HMS Whiting ran aground on the Doom Bar off the coast of Cornwall, England (1816), Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica jointly declared independence from Spain (1821), the Liverpool to Manchester Railway line opened (1830), the locomotive John Bull made her inaugural run on New Jersey’s Camden and Amboy Railroad (1831), the HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, reached the Galápagos Islands (1835), Saint Joseph’s University was founded in Philadelphia (1851), as was The Doon School, India’s first all-boys boarding school, on the same day the Nuremberg Laws stripped German Jews of citizenship and Germany adopted the Swastika Flag (1935), 1077 people died as Category 2 Typhoon Kathleen struck Japan’s Kanto Region (1947), Nikita Khrushchev became the first Soviet leader to visit the U.S. (1959), 43 people died as Category 5 Hurricane Carla made landfall in Texas with winds of 175mph (1961), one week after Gov. George Wallace told the New York Times that school integration could be stopped by a “few first-class funerals,” four young girls were killed by a Ku Klux Klan bomb at the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama (1963), the Soviet Zond 5 spaceship was launched and would be the first man-made object to orbit the Moon and reenter the Earth’s atmosphere (1968), France divided the département of Corse, the whole of Corsica, into Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud (1975), the Smithsonian Institution operated the 150-year-old John Bull under her own power, making her the world’s oldest operable steam locomotive (1981), Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigned (1983), and commissioner Gary Bettman announced the lockout that canceled what would have been the National Hockey League’s 88th season (2004). And Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest such filing in U.S. history (2008).

+++++

Good morning! ::hugggggs::