Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

The Council of Pisa chose Alexander V as pope, creating a three-way Western Schism with Gregory XII in Rome and Benedict XII in Avignon (1409). Also, Russian prince Alexei Petrovich died after being tortured for plotting to overthrow his father, Peter the Great (1718), Paris’ June Days Uprising ended (1848), President Ulysses Grant signed the act declaring Christmas a holiday for federal workers in D.C. (1870), Henri Moissan isolated elemental Fluorine (1886), the first French Grand Prix was held in Le Mans (1906), London’s Science Museum became an independent entity (1909), the U.S. occupation of the Dominican Republic ended (1924), The Cyclone roller coaster opened on Coney Island (1927), President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Credit Union Act (1934), the United Nations Charter was signed in San Francisco (1945), William Shockley filed the original patent for the grown junction transistor, on the same day The New Yorker published Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” (1948), the South African Congress Alliance adopted the Freedom Charter (1955), the Saint Lawrence Seaway opened (1959), British Somaliland and Madagascar gained independence (1960), President John Kennedy gave his “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech (1963), a Universal Product Code was scanned for the first time to sell a package of gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio (1974), President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, upon request by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, declared the Indian Emergency (1975), Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposed his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar (1995), drug gang members murdered Irish journalist Veronica Guerin (1996), the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the indecency provisions of the 1996 Telecommunications Act in Reno v. ACLU (1997), and state sodomy laws in Lawrence v. Texas (2003), and East Timor’s first prime minister, Mari Alkatiri, resigned (2006). And 2 people died and 347 homes were destroyed within hours in Colorado Springs’ Waldo Canyon Fire (2012).

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Good morning! ::hugggggs::