Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

The Prophet Muhammad delivered his farewell sermon, the Khuแนญbatu l-Wadฤ, today (632). Also, Augsburg became a Free Imperial City subject only to the Holy Roman Empire (1276), spurred by Voltaire’s writings on the case, Parisian judges posthumously exonerated Jean Calas, who had been executed three years earlier for the murder of his son (1765), the U.S. Supreme Court held in U.S. v. The Amistad that kidnapped Africans aboard the ship were not slaves and were thus entitled to seize control of the vessel in self-defense (1841), Guiseppe Verdi’s Nabucco premiered (1842), 15,000 miners represented by the United Mine Workers began the Westmoreland County Coal Strike (1910), President Franklin Roosevelt submitted the Emergency Banking Act that Congress passed on the same day (1933), CBS broadcast Edward Murrow’s famous See It Now episode “A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy,” produced by Fred Friendly (1954), Barbie debuted at the American International Toy Fair (1959), the launch of Sputnik 9 carrying a dummy nicknamed Ivan Ivanovich signaled that the Soviet Union was ready to begin manned space flight (1961), Hanafi Muslims seized three buildings in Washington D.C., beginning a 39-hour siege that would leave a reporter and a police officer dead (1977), Eastern Air Lines filed for bankruptcy (1989), Dr. Antonia Novello became the first woman and first Hispanic to serve as Surgeon General of the United States (1990), and the first same-sex marriages were performed in Washington, D.C. (2010). And Polish mountaineers Adam Bielecki and Janusz Goล‚ฤ…b made the first winter ascent of Gasherbrum I (2012).

Good morning! ::hugggggs::