Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Charles the Bald and Louis the German swore the Oaths of Strasbourg today (842). Also, Archbishop of Canterbury and English Reformation leader Thomas Cranmer was convicted of heresy (1556), French admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte fired a 9-gun salute to John Paul Jones’ USS Ranger to salute the U.S. Flag (1778), Karadjordje led the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire (1804), James Polk became the first serving U.S. President to be photographed (1849), the Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children opened in London (1852), Oregon became our 33rd state (1859), Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray each applied for patents for the telephone (1876), Congress approved voting machines for use in federal elections (1899), the Department of Commerce and Labor was established (1903), Arizona became our 48th state (1912), the League of Women Voters was founded (1920), the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company became the International Business Machines Corporation (1924), the Bank of England was nationalized (1946), Israel’s Knesset met for the first time (1949), Lawrencium was synthesized at the University of California (1961), First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy offered a televised tour of the White House (1962), Australian currency was decimalized (1966), Union Carbide agreed to pay the Indian government $470 million in damages for the Bhopal Disaster on the same day Iranian Ayatollah Khomeini issued a fatwa for Satanic Verses author Salmon Rushdie (1989), the Budapest Open Access Initiative was issued (2002), and six people were killed and 18 wounded when a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall at Northern Illinois University (2008). And the Arab Spring reached Bahrain (2011).

Good morning! ::hugggggs::