Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Charles the Bald and Louis the German swore the Oaths of Strasbourg today (842). Also, French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to the U.S. flag atop John Paul Jones’ USS Ranger (1778), President James Polk was photographed in New York City (1849), Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray applied for patents for the telephone (1876), Congress approved the use of voting machines for federal elections (1899), the Department of Commerce and Labor was established (1903), the League of Women Voters was founded (1920), the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company changed its name to International Business Machines (1924), the Bank of England was nationalized (1946), the Israeli Knesset convened for the first time (1949), Albert Ghiorso synthesized Lawrencium (1961), and the Budapest Open Access Initiative was published (2002). And the Arab Spring spread to Bahrain (2011).

Good morning! ::hugggggs::