Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Mary Stuart became Mary, Queen of Scots today (1542). Also, Austria’s Theresian Military Academy was established (1751), Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Γ‰tienne Montgolfier launched their first hot air balloon (1782), the Toledo War ended (1836), Max Planck presented the derivation of his black-body radiation law (1900), the Commercial Pacific Cable Company laid an underwater telegraph cable from San Francisco to Honolulu (1902), Roald Amundsen and his team reached the South Pole (1911), Mariner 2 flew past Venus (1962), the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Civil Rights Act in Heart of Atlanta Motel v. U.S. (1964), France’s Millau Viaduct opened (2004), and Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi threw his shoes at visiting President George W. Bush (2008). And New Zealand recognized the Māori people’s Tino Rangatiratanga flag (2009).

Good morning! ::hugggggs::