Today in history, greetings, and social banter here. (More)

Giovanni Villani recorded massive damage as the River Arno flooded Florence, Italy today (1333). Also, England’s Henry VII and France’s Charles VIII signed the Peace of Étaples (1492), Christopher Columbus signed the Caribbean island of Dominica (1493), the Continental Army was disbanded (1783), the Bank of Montréal was founded (1817), as was The Times of India (1838), Johan Rudolf Thorbecke drafted the revised Dutch Constitution that established a parliamentary democracy and limited the powers of the monarchy (1848), Louisiana’s John Menard became the first African-American elected to Congress, although the House refused to seat him (1868), Charles “Black Bart the Poet” Bowles made his last stagecoach robbery, leaving a clue that led to his capture (1883), Panama separated from Colombia (1903), Poland declared independence (1918), Godzilla debuted in Japan (1954), a dog named Laika went into orbit aboard Sputnik 2 (1957), Congress set aside the land that would become New Jersey’s Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge (1960), residents of Washington, D.C. voted in their first presidential election (1964), President Richard Nixon asked the “silent majority” to support him on the Vietnam War (1969), NASA launched Mariner 10 en route to Mercury (1973), Dominica gained independence (1978), five people were killed when Ku Klux Klansmen and Neo-Nazis opened fire on a Communist Workers Party rally in Greensboro, North Carolina (1979), 2000 people died when a fire swept through the Salang Tunnel in Afghanistan (1982), Ash-Shiraa reported that the United States had been secretly selling weapons to Iran in order to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon, on the same day the Federated States of Micronesia gained independence (1986), and Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries attempted a coup d’état in the Maldives (1988). And the U.S. imposed economic sanctions in Sudan in response to human rights abuses and support for Islamic extremist groups in the Middle East and Africa (1997).


Good morning! ::hugggggs::